Tens of thousands of Lithuanians linked arms on Sunday in solidarity with the people of neighbouring Belarus who have been holding mass protests against authoritarian leader Alexander Lukashenko since a disputed presidential election two weeks ago.
The participants formed a human chain stretching 30 kilometres (19 miles) from the Baltic EU state’s capital Vilnius to the border with Belarus, with many holding the Belarus opposition’s red-and-white flag as well as the Lithuanian national tricolour.
Solidarity rallies were also held in other European countries, inspired by the historic Baltic Way demonstration on August 23, 1989 when more than one million Lithuanians, Latvians and Estonians linked hands to reject Soviet rule.
“We are with you, free Belarus, and we extend our hand to you,” Lithuania’s President Gitanas Nauseda said after linking hands at the border checkpoint.
“The nations who had lost their freedom cherish it the most. That is why Lithuania did not hesitate to declare its full support to the Belarusian people who seek to shed the shackles of captivity,” he added.
Organisers estimated that up to 50,000 people attended the rally in Lithuania, with most demonstrators dressed in white and wearing face masks to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.
A hot-air balloon lifted a huge Belarusian flag above Cathedral Square in Vilnius. Planes also flew over, with flowers tossed down into the crowd.
“Thirty years ago, Lithuania was fighting and seeking support. Now we are the ones who are providing support,” 24-year-old art student Adele Sumkauskaite told AFP.
“We need solidarity among us. Hard to tell what good it will do but moral support is very important,” 50-year-old librarian Zina Koncaitiene said.
Lithuania’s influential Catholic church also weighed in, offering Sunday prayers for the Belarusian “march to freedom”.
In Latvia, hundreds of campaigners marched along the border with Belarus and then formed a human chain in the village of Piedruja as Belarusian border guards looked on from the other side of the Daugava river.
“This is our Baltic way to express solidarity with all the people in Belarus, who are demanding pro-democratic change,” said Latvian activist Inese Vaivare after the solidarity march along the Latvian-Belarus border.
Human chains were also scheduled to take place in the Estonian capital Tallinn and along the iconic Charles Bridge in Prague.
The 1989 Baltic Way human chain was 600 kilometres long and sent the strongest signal to date that the Soviet-occupied Baltic states were on the road towards restored independence, which they all won two years later.
The original August 23 demonstration took place on the 50th anniversary of the infamous Nazi-Soviet pact that carved up eastern Europe and led to the Baltic states’s annexation by the Soviet Union.
The recreation reflects Lithuanian efforts to consolidate international support for protests in its eastern neighbour, notably after Vilnius gave shelter to Belarusian opposition leader Svetlana Tikhanovskaya.
The 37-year-old, who challenged Lukashenko at the disputed August 9 presidential election, thanked Lithuania in her video address.
“You like nobody else can understand Belarusians because you felt it recently yourself,” she said.
“I hope that very soon we will stand together not in a solidarity chain but in a chain of friendship with a free Belarus,” Tsikhanovskaya added.
Lithuania and Belarus have close historic ties, dating back to the 14th-century Grand Duchy of Lithuania, but have followed very different paths since the breakup of the USSR.
Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are firmly anchored in the West, having joined the European Union and NATO in 2004, but Belarus has turned into one of the world’s most isolated states under Lukashenko’s 26-year rule.